75 most important topics to be studied for IAS Prelims 2018

Civil Services Preliminary Examination is round the corner and we understand the fear aspirants must be feeling at the moment and that pressure to cover everything without leaving any single important topic. While covering the vast syllabus of Civil Services Preliminary Exam, aspirants always look for some guidance on important topics which need special attention and focus for effective preparation. We understand the curious need!

To cater this need of relevant topics to be studied for IAS Examination, we bring to you this article with 75 Most Important topics, from the Subjects like History, Geography, Science & Technology, Economy and other important subjects which must be prepared well as questions from these topics are expected the most.

Before moving further, aspirants are advised to solve previous year question papers and enroll in Prelims Test Series to know the questions pattern, probable questions and to build up your confidence level.  

 Here are 75 important topics you must stud for IAS Prelims 2018

  • Indian History & Government of India – Laws, Acts & Reforms
  1. Important Personalities of Indian Freedom Struggle
  2. Revolt of 1857 – Causes, Centres of Revolt, Important Leaders, Suppression of the Revolt
  3. Governor General and Viceroys chronology, their major achievements & significant Events during their rule
  4. Economic Impact of British Rule of Agriculture, Industries etc. And important Movements Against British Rule: Swadeshi, Rowlett Satyagraha, Chamaparan, Ahmedabad Mills Strike, Non-Cooperation, Anti-Simon Commission Protests, Quit India Movement etc
  5. Delhi Sultanate & Mughals chronology and Indus Valley Civilization and Mauryan Empire
  6. Constitutional Development – Regulating Act 1773, Pitts India Act 1784, Charter Act 1813, Charter Act 1833, Government of India Act 1858, Indian Councils Act 1861,1892 and 1909, Government of India Act 1919 and 1935.
  7. Indian National Congress: Events Preceding Formation of INC, Important Sessions and Leaders of INC
  8. Fundamental Rights, DPSPs and Fundamental Duties and other Important Constitutional Amendments
  9. Parliament and State Legislature
  10. Local Government (PRIs and ULBs) & Administration of Schedule and Tribal Areas
  11. Constitutional Posts – President, Vice President, Council of Ministers, Governors, CM etc along with Chronology of Indian Prime Ministers and presidents with the period of their tenure.
  12. Constitutional Bodies like UPSC, EC, CAG, Attorney General, Finance Commission, NCSC, NCST & Non-Constitutional Bodies like NHRC, CVC, CIC, Planning Commission, NDC
  13. Important Articles of the Constitution
  14. Subjects of Union, State and Concurrent List
  15. Important Socio-Religious Reform Movements: Personalities, Organisations and their Agenda
  • Economy, Capital and Money Markets (& related schemes)
  1. Measurement of Economy: GDP, GNP, Per Capita Income, GDP at Market Prices and at Factor Cost, GDP deflator, Base year Concept
  2. Inflation: Causes, Important terms such as Disinflation, Deflation, Stagflation, Steps taken to reduce Inflation, Inflation linked Bonds
  3. Taxation System in India: Direct and Indirect Taxes, Important Taxes such as Corporate Tax, Capital Gains Tax, Octroi Duty, Fringe Benefits Tax, Minimum Alternate Tax etc, DTAA and Tax Information Exchange Agreement, Tax Havens, Transfer Pricing, Advanced Pricing Agreement and Arms-Length Principle, Direct Tax Code, GST, General Anti-Avoidance Rules(GAAR)
  4. Monetary Policy: RBI, Tools- SLR, CRR, Bank Rate, LAF etc, Banking Structure in India, NPAs, Financial Inclusion, Universal Banking, White label ATMs, Differentiated Banks, NBFCs etc
  5. Fiscal Policy: Stages in the Passage of Budget, Different Deficits such as Revenue Deficit, Effective Revenue Deficit, FD and PD, Deficit Financing etc
  6. Balance of payments: Current Account and Capital Account, Current Account deficit, Rupee Convertibility, Currency Appreciation, Depreciation and Devaluation, Forex Reserves, External Debt.
  7. Important Indices: HDI, GDI, GII, GHI etc
  8. Agriculture, Industry and Service Sector in India
  9. Poverty and Unemployment in India
  10. Energy, Infrastructure and Communication
  11. Sustainable Development and Climate Change
  12. Economic Survey and Union Budget
  13. Human Development: Government schemes and Programmes for the welfare of SCs, STs, Women, Children, Senior Citizens, Disabled and for the development of Health, Education, Skills etc
  14. Free Trade Agreements, Regional Trading Blocks, WTO – Agreement on Agriculture, TRIPS, GATS, TBT, Sanitary and Phyto Sanitary Measures etc
  15. International Trade & International Financial Institutions- World Bank, IMF, BRICS Development Bank
  • Geography & Environmental sciences
  1. Solar System- Evolution of earth, Planets, Asteroids, Meteors, Comets, Black Holes etc…
  2. Atmosphere – Structure and Composition, Temperature, Humidity and Precipitation, Atmospheric Circulation, Anti-Trade winds and Jet Streams, Cyclones and Anti-Cyclones, Different Climate Types.
  3. Oceanography: Reliefs of the Ocean, Ocean Currents, Tides, Salinity, Coral Reefs, El-Nino and La Nina, Southern Oscillation, Indian Dipole, Marine Resources
  4. Physical Geography: Structure of Earth’s Interior, Plate Tectonic Theory, Earth’s Movements-Folds, Faults, Rift valleys and Graben, Rocks-Igneous, Sedimentary and Metamorphic, Vulcanism, Earthquakes, Tsunamis, Fluvial, Aeolian and Coastal Landforms.
  5. Physiography of India – Himalayas, North Indian Plains, Plateaus, Coastal Plains and Islands.
  6. Indian Drainage System- Himalayan and Peninsular River Systems.
  7. Indian Climate- Monsoon Winds, Seasons of India etc…
  8. Soils of India
  9. Indian Wildlife, Vegetation and Major Crops of India
  10. Major Energy & Mineral Resources of India
  11. Global Warming and Climate Change-Rio Earth Summit, UNFCC, Kyoto Protocol, Durban Summit, Bali Action Plan, Climate Change Talks, Clean Development mechanism, Joint Implementation, Carbon Trading, REDD plus, Loss and Damage
  12. Biodiversity in India: Biosphere reserves, National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries,
  13. Environmental Crisis – Depletion of Ozone Layer, Water and Air Pollution, Acid Rain, Deforestation, Degradation of Land, Waste Management.
  14. Map practice of Major Industries, national Parks, Rivers, Ocean currents etc
  15. Tiger Reserves, Elephant Reserves, Community Reserves, Mangroves and Coral reefs in India, List of Critically Endangered Species in India
  • Science & Technology (& all related fields):
  1. Defence Research and Technology: Trishul, Agni, Prithvi, Akash, Shourya, Nag, Pinaka, Brahmos, Dhanush, AWACS, UAVs- Lakshya, Nishant, Rustom and Netra, Nuclear Submarines, Aircraft Carriers, LCA Tejas, ALH Dhruv etc. Recent Developments in the defence Industry.
  2. Space Technology: Indian Space Shuttle Program -Orbital Vehicle, AVATAR, RLV-TD. Launch vehicle technology- PSLV and GSLV. Cryogenic engine, Indian regional navigation satellite system(IRNSS),
  3. Genetics and Biotechnology: Genetic Engineering, DNA Fingerprinting, Cloning, Artificial Insemination, Stem Cells Technology, Genetic Mapping, Genetically Modified Organisms, Artificial Blood, Bio-fertilizer, Bio-metrics, Bio mimicry, Bionic Eye, Bio remediation, Biosimilars, Biosparging, Blue Brain Project, Brain Mapping, Human genome Project, Junk DNA, Narcoanalysis, Polygraph test, Probiotics, DNA Bar-code. Concerns related to genetic engineering. Recent Advances in the Field of Biotechnology.
  4. Nanotechnology: Approaches, Applications, Concerns related to use of Nanotechnology
  5. Information and Communication Technology: 2G/3G/4G Networks, Akash tablet, Bhuvan, Bluejacking, Bluesnarfing, Bluetooth, Community radio, Cyber Security, IPv4 and IPv6, TCP/IP, Distributed Denial of Service Attack, Long Term Evolution(LTE), Mobile Virtual Network Operator, Telemedicine, Voice over Internet Protocol(VoIP), National E-Governance Plan, Fibre Optics Technology etc. Recent Advances in the field of IT.
  6. Health and Medicine: Infectious and Non-Infectious Diseases, Genetic and Vitamin Deficiency Diseases.
  7. Electricity scenario or related bills
  8. Complete info on Solar energy or Solar Mission
  9. GAGAN Technology, Indian Geostationary Satellite Services, Remote Sensing Technology. Indian recent satellite launches and future projects such as Chandrayaan 2 and others
  10. Nuclear Energy, Reactor and installation in India, total output, NCA (Nuclear Command Authority) etc

Cultures & Traditions of India:

  1. Religions of India: Buddhism, Jainism, Hinduism, Sikhism, Islam, Christianity, etc
  2. Architecture and Sculpture: Cave Architecture, Temple Architecture – Dravida, Nagara and Vesara, Indo-Islamic Architecture, Colonial Architecture
  3. Important Dance Forms of India: Tandava, Lasya, Nritta, Nritya, Mudras, Classical dances- Bharatanatyam, Odissi, Kuchipudi, Kathakali, Mohiniattam, kathak, Manipuri, Sattria etc and Important Folk dances such as Garba, Tamasha, Ghoomar, Rasleela etc
  4. Music: Swara, Raga, Tala, Aalaap, Forms of Music- Classical (Hindustani and Carnatic styles), Folk and Sugam Sangeet
  5. Musical Instruments: Drums, Wind Instruments, Stringed Instruments
  6. Paintings: Mural Paintings, Miniature Paintings, Mughal Paintings, Rajput school of paintings, Madhubani paintings, Manjusha Paintings, Modern paintings etc
  7. Indian Philosophy: Samkhya, Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Yoga, Mimansa, Vedanta, Charvaka, Buddhist and Jainism etc
  8. Puppetry: String, Rod, Glove and shadow Puppetry
  9. Important Theatre Forms of India: Bhand pather, Mudiyettu, Theyyam, Yakshagana, Dashavatar, Bhavai etc
  10. Indian Literature: Sangam Literature, Sanskrit Literature etc

Other important topics & Recent Updates on:

  1. Major committees formed by GOI recently
  2. Latest social scheme by Union govt / some state govt & major social sector policies formed by different state/central govt. like midday meal Scheme and other major laws recently passed by Indian Parliament
  3. Latest Election, Major success and defeat by candidates, Changes/Rules by Election commission, end results of Major parties.
  4. Latest achievement of India in Commonwealth Games, Olympics, para-Olympics, medals, inclusion of new games in the above events and latest Prizes like Nobel, Awards like Oscars.
  5. Major Defence exercise done by Indian defence forces with other countries and their code name
  6. Important Topics from India Year Book 2018
  7. Salient Features of Census 2011
  8. Human Development Chapter from the Economic Survey 2018-19
  9. Revolutionary Terrorism: Important Organisations and Leaders
  10. Supreme Court, High Court and Subordinate Courts and all the important cases heard in these courts recently – like verdict on Salman Khan’s prolonged blackbuck case

It’s time to outshine in your quest for a glorious career with Civil Services.

Wishing all our budding aspirants all the very best for a bright future!




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